Hendrick Kip, a Dutch tailor and one of the original settlers of New Amsterdam, arrives in Manhattan with his wife and five children. They establish a plantation along a stretch of land that soon takes their name: Kip's Bay. Hendrick will go on to serve on the colony's Board of "Nine Men," which acted as the first Governing Tribunal for New Amsterdam.
In the early months of the Revolutionary War, British redcoats are deployed in the Landing at Kip's Bay. A militia of 500 men under the command of George Washington are tasked with defending lower Manhattan, but they quickly fall back under artillery fire. Legend tells of Mary Murray and her daughters distracting the British forces, including General Sir William Howe, with a tea party at their Belmont estate. Their diversion gives the colonial militia just enough time to escape to their fortress in the Harlem Heights.
Robert Murray dies and leaves Inclenberg and Belmont to his daughter Susannah and her husband Captain Willett. A failed business venture will force the Willetts to sell the land and mansion to Robert’s brother, John Murray, in 1800.
New York City purchases Belle Vue farm, a tract of land in Kips Bay that was originally used to quarantine patients with yellow fever, with the aim of creating a major public hospital.
Third Avenue opens, replacing the old Eastern Post Road.
The Murray's Belmont mansion, an original neighborhood landmark, is destroyed in a fire.
Lexington Avenue opens. It originally stretches from 30th to 42nd streets.
Sniffen Court, one of the only remaining mews in 21st Century Manhattan, is built at 150-156 East 36th Street. 10 Romanesque Revival-style carriage houses form a quaint mid-block mews on the south side of 36th Street between 3rd Avenue and Lexington. Prominent artists Malvina Hoffman and Harriet Whitney Frishmuth keep studios there.
The aftermath of the Civil War creates a high demand for housing in New York City. Real estate prices surge in Murray Hill.
Construction of the 6 train begins on Park Avenue and 33rd street. Murray Hill commuters rejoice for the century to come.
Tudor City is designated a New York City historic district by the Landmarks Preservation Commission, who praised it as "distinguished in the architectural development of New York through its revolutionary financial planning, unprecedented size, rapid construction, and immediate and sustained popularity with New Yorkers."